Team work is a great way to get things done. There is something very powerful about connecting a group of people to be on the same page, and all working for one ultimate goal. This however can be a very daunting task to performbecause of the magnitude of the objective. This is where a keen understanding of teamwork theories comes in handy. A teamwork theory is an organized way of comprehending certain circumstances, procedures, and behaviors. Here is a list of the top ten theories that have been developed by prestigious individuals.
1. Bruce Tuckman’s Model of Team Stages
The Bruce Tuckman theory was created in 1965, and has been applied in countless organizations and scenarios. With four main stages titled forming, storming, norming, and performing; this theory is commonly referred to as the origin for successful team building.
2. Belbin’s Theory of team roles
Belbin created a list of nine roles that every team should have. These roles are Plant, Resource investigator, Coordinator, Shaper, Monitor Evaluator, Team Worker, Implementer, Completer-Finisher, and Specialist.
3. Hierarchy of Needs theory by Abraham Maslow
Maslow created a pyramid of the motivation in humans. The bottom starts off with Physiological items like food. The next section is Safety like the security of health. The third section is Love/belonging and an example would be family. The fourth is Esteem, meaning something like respect by others. The final section is Self-actualization and an example of this is morality.
4. Isabel Briggs-Myers and her MBTI theory
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality test that perceives how people perceive the world. This is good for teamwork because it can help the team understand each other better.
5. John Adair’s Leadership theory
This theory is a perfect model for what leadership and management should look like.
6. Carl Jung’s Color theory
Jung’s theory is about how color is a determinant of human behavior. By understanding this, you can better understand why people in your team do what they do.
7. Tajfel’s theory on Social Identity
This theory presented the idea of social identity as a great way to describe inter-group behavior.
8. X and Y theory developed by Douglas McGregor
The X and Y theory is a description of how humans are motivated. This is also one of the most important theories that managers and employees should be familiar with.
9. Strength Theory
This idea is that if for the best teamwork you have to continually work at it and become strong, like a muscle.
10. Team Analysis Theory
This theory is that eventually your team will fall apart, so you will need to re-evaluate the situation and analyze what went wrong.
By a keen understanding of these teamwork theories, you will be able to get the most out of a group of people. Whether this is for a manager trying to create team unity, or a sports team looking for teamwork, these theories are perfect for your objective.